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The Basics of Woven Textiles

As promised from our last post, we will be bringing you more information on the basics of woven textiles.  This month we have created an illustration for the three principal weaves.  We have illustrations of the plain weave, the twill weave and the satin weave.  All woven textiles are derived from one of these weave structures.  The plain weave is also referred to as a basket weave.  Even though this is a very simple weave, the construction can produce very different results.  The plain weave is used for everything from medical gauze to silk to drapery and wall covering.   It is a simple one yarn over the yarn construction as illustrated below.


Next we have the twill weave.  The twill construction is created by passing the fill yarn over one or more and under two or more warp yarns in successive offset progression to create the appearance of diagonal lines.  The most well known twill textile is, of course, denim.  Another quite popular use of the twill weave is the herringbone construction.  Herringbone is produced by bands of twill lines in alternating direction.  Twill lines lean either right or left and when the two are combined a reverse twill is created.  The twill construction is popular across many different applications including fashion fabrics and upholstery fabrics.  For those of you out there who are visual learners, this will make all the difference.


The last of the three basic weaves is the satin weave.  The satin weave is known for producing a beautiful smooth surface.  This can be achieved one of two ways.  Either by weaving a warp faced satin where more warp yarns are seen on top than fill yarns, or by weaving the filling yarns to the top producing a sateen.  The satin weave is very versatile and is used for sheets, upholstery fabrics and fashion fabrics. adsense account ban  The illustration below is an example of a fill faced satin weave.


I hope the illustrations along with real world applications of these basic weaves have helped to clarify your understanding of textiles.  We have only begun to scratch the surface of the woven world!

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